LIPARTIANI WINE HOUSE
Lipartiani Wine House is one of the most distinguished among the oldest wineries in Georgia. The wines are made from the best local vine varieties in various parts of Georgia, which express the ancient tradition and strong character of the country’s winemaking.
Unique vine varieties, well-kept vineyards, where great work has been laid, hand-picked and selected grapes, traditions and technologies determine the highest quality of wine, which corresponds to the best dishes of the world.
A FAMILY INVOLVED FOR AGES IN WINEMAKING
The Lipartiani family, or Salipartiano, was one of the strongest noble houses in the Samegrelo principality. The nobility was located in the eastern part of the principality of Odishi (Samegrelo) and was called Salipartiano. Salipartiano covered a large part of the modern Martvili region: “The foot of the mountain from Chkondidi to Unagiri is Salipartiano. The inhabitants of these places are the principals and nobles and there is a country like this plain , mostly fertile and forested ”(Vakhushti Batonishvili, Life of Kartli, Vol. IV, 1971). Nobility originated around the XIII-XIV centuries, when a system of nobility was established in Georgia.
Salipartiano was originally the domain of the Lipartiani feudal house. The surname Lipartiani comes from Lipariti. According to some scholars, the Lipartiani dynasty was founded by Liparit Baghvashi, a representative of the IX century Baghvashi family. According to another view, the Lipartiani dynasty was founded by Liparit I Dadiani (1414-1470yy.). Ekvtime Takaishvili writes about this: “The Lipartianis belonged to the Dadiani family and when the direct descendants of the princes perished, they had the right to arrest the Dadiani. Their domain was called “Salipartiano”. The scholar quotes the words of the last prince of Samegrelo, Davit Dadiani: “Salipartiano is a beautiful place in the northern mountains of Samegrelo, where one of Liparit, the ancestor of the Dadiani, once lived; Later, the descendant of the prince of Samegrelo, who ruled there, was called Lipartian ”(Ekvtime Takaishvili, Samples of Samegrelo Deeds-Gujrebi, Newspaper Iveria, 1891 # 213).
From the XVIII century, the Lipartiani had a fortress in the village of Shkhebi, a crypt in the Chkondidi monastery, and a residence in Salkhino.
Salipartiano cent was the village Tarchuli near Nokalakevi before the beginning of the XVIII century. Where the palace of George I Lipartiani and the church of Kari were located, they had a castle on the territory of Nokalakevi and the Lipartians also owned the castle of Tamakoni. Until the XVIII century, the crypt of the Lipartiani was the church of Tsalenjikha. Here to the right of the south door of Levan II Dadiani Ekvderi is a fresco ” Giorgi Lipartiani , brother of Governor Manuchar”, presumably here, in the church, should be the tomb of Giorgi Lipartiani.
The “testament” of the priest-monk Zebede, the head of the Tsalenjikha monastery, provides interesting information about the family of Giorgi Lipartiani.
“May God bless Tamar, daughter of Queen Lipartiani, executed, may God bless her sister Khvarashan…King Lovarsab and Queen Tamar were held captive in their honor. ” It can be seen from the will that Giorgi Lipartiani had two daughters, Tamar and Khoreshan. Tamar was the wife of the Kartli king George X, the mother of the holy King Louarsab II, who was tortured by the Iranian Shah Abbas I. It turns out that Luarsab’s mother, Queen Tamar, daughter of Giorgi Lipartiani, died in torment.
Representatives of the nobility of Lipartiani also practiced philanthropy. In the late 16th and early 17th centuries, with the support and on the orders of Lipartiani’s daughter Mania, the famous manuscript book “Tsaishi Gulan” was rewritten.
Lipartiani has always been involved in winemaking. Salkhino was famous for grapes of the Ojaleshi variety, which have been brought here since ancient times. Levan Dadiani, the leader of Samegrelo, wrote in 1852 that “Ojaleshi is an old wine that comes from the fruits of a vineyard planted on the tall trees of the Salkhino persimmon” (I. Meunargia, Samegrelo during the time of Davit Dadiani). The representative of the Russian Tsar in Georgia, Cornelius Borozdin, noted that “the best wine Ojaleshi came from the village of Salkhino in the prince’s estates” (K. Borozdin, Samegrelo).
Lipartiani continue their ancestral traces to this day. A few years ago, a great tradition was revived. Brothers: Tengiz, Vakhtang and Alexander Lipartiani founded a new cellar, a new brand, the main features of which were local and foreign varieties, unique peaks, classical and traditional winemaking. And, of course, high quality. These premium wines are quality oriented.
In the most well-maintained vineyards, grapes are harvested by hand. The main goal, together with the classic varieties, is to revive the ancient Georgian grape varieties and preserve their specifics. Wine is made by traditional methods and using the highest technology.